From Occupy DC to #ShutDownDC – What Had Changed?

Occupy DC back in 2011-2012 is probably the most popular protest on Wall Street. However, though Occupy DC was stopped by the police back in the day, activists keep on popping on the streets with new issues in dire need to solve. So, it’s no wonder if the protested issue in 2019 had changed slightly.

• Climate Change
Climate change is the most pushed issue by activists, not just from DC, but also from many different parts of the world. After all, this issue affects the whole planet, which is understandable why every part of the world will feel its impact.

Sadly, though those changes are backed with scientific studies, statistics, and predictions, the big players of the economic world don’t do any major move to turn the economic steer into a direction that is more eco-friendly. Instead, they are steering up the same way which, unfortunately, makes situation even worse. They don’t think to stop anything for the sake of profit, which is a similar attitude towards online gambling in https://multibet88.online that is profitable on the other side.

• Immigrants Issues
To begin with, immigrants moved to America to find a better job and later on a better life. However, instead of accommodating them in some way, the government closed their gates for them instead. If closing the gates is not enough, don’t forget the separation between children and parents in the border and the inhuman, unethical life those children are leading in the border these past few years.

Instead of getting better jobs to improve their economic situations, the immigrants are stuck to the border and being killed slowly in their detainment. Even though the media had compared this government’s decision to Nazi’s camp, not a lot of reaction appears from the government.

Occupy DC to #ShutDownDC – What Had Changed• Gender Issues
Gender is another age-old issue that has been closely related to the economy but ignored otherwise. It’s no secret that America has a horrible law regarding minimum wage, as minimum wage workers such as servers had to rely on customer tips instead. This matter got worse when gender is involved, because – thanks to the notorious sexism – women are paid less than men in that horrible economic situation. Not just the wage gap, other economic issues such as menstrual items tax and gendered medical fees are also brought up in #ShutDownDC.

Back then, the protestants were more straightforward about the economy. Now, though the issues brought up are still closely related to the economy, they had more directions to the other issues caused by the economy itself. So, instead of money talk, expect activists of #ShutDownDC talk about climate change, immigrants, and gender issues.

 

Kepala Fed Sebut Ekonomi AS Diprediksi Akan Tumbuh Pada Laju Tercepat Sejak 1980-an
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Kepala Fed Sebut Ekonomi AS Diprediksi Akan Tumbuh Pada Laju Tercepat Sejak 1980-an

Kepala Fed Sebut Ekonomi AS Diprediksi Akan Tumbuh Pada Laju Tercepat Sejak 1980-an – Ekonomi AS kemungkinan akan berkembang sebesar tujuh persen tahun ini karena bangkit kembali dari pandemi Covid-19, tingkat tercepatnya sejak awal 1980-an, kata seorang pejabat tinggi Federal Reserve pada hari Senin.

Kepala Fed Sebut Ekonomi AS Diprediksi Akan Tumbuh Pada Laju Tercepat Sejak 1980-an

FILE PHOTO: Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell holds a news conference following the Federal Open Market Committee meeting in Washington, U.S., December 11, 2019. REUTERS/Joshua Roberts/File Photo

occupydc – “Ini adalah kemajuan yang disambut baik setelah periode terberat bagi perekonomian dalam memori hidup dan musim dingin ketika pandemi ini sangat parah, dan ekonomi menderita sebagai akibatnya,” kata Presiden Fed New York John Williams dalam pidatonya.

Baca Juga : Lonjakan Inflasi Pada AS Menarik Perhatian Para Analisis Ekonomi

Dia memperingatkan terhadap kecenderungan untuk “bereaksi berlebihan” terhadap lonjakan harga yang disebabkan oleh keadaan unik ekonomi yang pulih tahun ini, sambil memprediksi inflasi akan kembali ke target dua persen bank sentral pada tahun 2022.

“Meskipun saya optimis bahwa ekonomi sekarang menuju ke arah yang benar, kami masih memiliki jalan panjang untuk mencapai pemulihan ekonomi yang kuat dan penuh,” kata Williams dalam pidato yang akan disampaikan kepada konferensi tahunan Women in Housing and Finance, mencatat pertumbuhan lapangan kerja yang lebih kuat akan diperlukan untuk membuat bounceback selesai.

Dia mengkreasi kebijakan stiluatif The Fed, termasuk suku bunga mendekati nol, dengan memiliki “efek positif” pada ekonomi, memungkinkan orang Amerika untuk membeli rumah dan barang-barang tiket besar.

“Bahkan, dengan kondisi keuangan yang akomodatif, dukungan fiskal yang kuat dan vaksinasi yang meluas, saya mengharapkan bahwa laju pertumbuhan ekonomi tahun ini akan menjadi yang tercepat yang kami alami sejak awal 1980-an,” katanya.

Williams mengatakan dia mengharapkan untuk melihat “PDB riil meningkat sekitar tujuh persen tahun ini,” menyebutnya “menyambut kemajuan setelah periode terberat bagi ekonomi dalam memori hidup.”

Kenaikan harga energi dan pemulihan dari penurunan pandemi mendorong harga lebih tinggi, tetapi “penting untuk tidak bereaksi berlebihan terhadap volatilitas harga ini yang dihasilkan dari keadaan unik pandemi,” kata Williams.

Dia memproyeksikan inflasi akan turun “setelah pembalikan harga dan ketidakseimbangan jangka pendek dari pembukaan kembali ekonomi telah dimainkan.”

Sementara itu, kondisi sejauh ini tidak cukup bagi The Fed untuk mengubah kebijakan, katanya, menggemakan keputusan Komite Pasar Terbuka Federal yang menetapkan kebijakan bank sentral pekan lalu.

Apa itu Kebijakan Fiskal?

Kebijakan fiskal adalah bagaimana pemerintah membentuk perekonomian. Menyesuaikan suku bunga dapat menentukan apakah mendapatkan kredit itu mudah atau mahal. Kode pajak dapat mengumpulkan uang dari bisnis dan individu untuk mendanai proyek pemerintah yang diperlukan. Para ekonom telah memperdebatkan pro dan kontra kebijakan fiskal setidaknya selama satu abad.

Tips

Kebijakan fiskal pemerintah menggunakan belanja, suku bunga, dan pajak untuk mempengaruhi perekonomian, mengurangi kemiskinan dan merangsang pertumbuhan. Kebijakan fiskal yang baik dapat menjaga perekonomian agar tidak runtuh selama krisis. Pemerintah sering terkendala dalam kebijakan mereka oleh utang, hukum dan masalah lainnya.

Kebijakan Fiskal: Tujuannya

Dana Moneter Internasional (IMF) mengatakan kebijakan fiskal adalah ketika pemerintah menggunakan pengeluaran, suku bunga, dan pajak untuk mempengaruhi ekonomi. Tujuan khasnya adalah untuk mengurangi kemiskinan dan merangsang pertumbuhan ekonomi yang kuat dan berkelanjutan.

Layanan Penelitian Kongres mengatakan bahwa dalam resesi, misalnya, permintaan turun, penurunan upah, pekerjaan menyusut dan bisnis menghasilkan lebih sedikit uang. Pengeluaran pemerintah yang efektif dapat menjaga perekonomian agar tidak menyusut terlalu banyak, yang membuat orang-orang tetap bekerja dan bisnis tetap terbuka.

Pemerintah juga menggunakan kebijakan fiskal untuk menanggapi bencana alam, lonjakan harga pangan atau BBM atau untuk membantu warga menangani masalah seperti perawatan kesehatan yang mahal.

Gagasan tentang apa yang membuat kebijakan fiskal yang baik telah berubah selama abad terakhir. Sebelum tahun 1930, pandangan yang berlaku adalah bahwa ekonomi harus beroperasi tanpa banyak pengaruh pemerintah. Setelah jatuhnya pasar saham dan dimulainya Depresi Hebat, pandangan itu berubah.

Keunggulan kebijakan fiskal secara proaktif mencegah keruntuhan ekonomi mulai terlihat lebih baik daripada nonintervensi. Dua alternatif telah wax dan berkeliaran selama beberapa dekade sejak itu.

Contoh Kebijakan Fiskal

“Mengurangi kemiskinan” atau “meningkatkan pertumbuhan” layak tetapi tujuan yang samar-samar. Ketika pemerintah menetapkan kebijakan fiskal, itu harus lebih spesifik. IMF dan Layanan Penelitian Kongres mencantumkan beberapa contoh kebijakan fiskal:

-Kebijakan countercyclical bekerja terhadap siklus bisnis. Ketika ekonomi melambat, pemerintah mencoba untuk mendorong pertumbuhan; ketika ekonomi panas, pemerintah mencoba mendinginkannya untuk menghindari inflasi. Hal ini juga disebut sebagai kebijakan stabilisasi.

-Kebijakan prosiklik bekerja dengan siklus bisnis, bertiup dingin ketika ekonomi mendingin, panas ketika pemanasan. Pendekatan ini telah jatuh tidak menguntungkan pada abad ke-21.

-Kebijakan ekspansi memacu aktivitas ekonomi dengan menurunkan pajak, meningkatkan pengeluaran atau kombinasi keduanya.

-Kebijakan kontraksi menaikkan pajak atau memangkas pengeluaran. Pemerintah sering melakukan ini ketika ekonomi cukup kuat sehingga mereka dapat fokus pada pemotongan defisit sebagai gantinya.

Apa pun tujuan kebijakan fiskal, pemerintah memiliki beberapa alat yang tersedia untuk mencapainya:

-Menghabiskan lebih banyak uang meningkatkan permintaan dan memasukkan uang ke dalam bisnis tempatnya membeli.

-Di Amerika Serikat, Federal Reserve memiliki pengaruh kuat terhadap suku bunga. Ketika itu membuat mereka rendah, kredit mudah tersedia. Ketika Cadangan menaikkan tarif, itu memperketat spigot kredit.

-Pengeluaran yang ditargetkan juga dapat mencapai tujuan pemerintah lainnya; jika mempertahankan infrastruktur adalah prioritas utama, pengeluaran untuk perbaikan jalan dan jembatan membunuh dua burung dengan satu batu.

-Beberapa langkah stabilisasi pasar terjadi secara otomatis. Jika krisis biaya banyak orang pekerjaan mereka, pemerintah menghabiskan lebih banyak untuk asuransi pengangguran. Ini terjadi secara otomatis, tanpa pejabat terpilih harus memperdebatkan kebijakan. Ketika kondisi membaik, orang kembali bekerja dan menghabiskan tetes. Itu berbeda dari peningkatan pengeluaran dan pemotongan pajak, yang dapat berlanjut setelah krisis berlalu.

Batas Kebijakan Fiskal

Dalam praktiknya, pemerintah tidak selalu memiliki opsi untuk menggunakan kebijakan fiskal untuk membentuk ekonomi atau menangani masalah. Seperti yang dikatakan IRS, mereka tidak menempati ruang fiskal yang baik. Pemerintah sering meminjam untuk membiayai pengeluaran ekstra — misalnya, dengan menjual obligasi pemerintah. Calon investor mungkin khawatir belanja stimulus akan lebih merugikan ekonomi daripada kebaikan atau bahwa pemerintah tidak akan membelanjakan dana tambahan dengan bijak.

Pemerintah mungkin memiliki batasan lain pada tindakannya. Jika penerimaan pajak sangat rendah, yang membatasi uang yang tersedia untuk dibelanjakan; menaikkan pajak membutuhkan waktu dan biasanya memicu oposisi. Pemerintah mungkin sudah memiliki tuntutan berat, seperti perawatan kesehatan untuk populasi yang menua. Jika pemerintah berhadapan dengan inflasi tinggi atau banyak tinta merah ketika krisis melanda, pengeluaran untuk stimulus fiskal mungkin tidak mungkin terjadi.

Batas Penghakiman

Batas lain pada kebijakan fiskal, Washington Post mengatakan, adalah penilaian: Pemerintah kadang-kadang membuat keputusan yang salah. Di tengah pandemi COVID-19, pemerintah AS menghabiskan $ 4 triliun untuk stimulus ekonomi, tetapi sering menghabiskan uang itu dengan buruk.

Bisnis menerima cek tanpa harus membuktikan pandemi telah mempengaruhi mereka atau berkomitmen untuk menjaga pekerja tetap hidup. Bisnis besar juga menerima bantuan yang bisa menguntungkan perusahaan yang lebih kecil.

Pengeluaran itu baik untuk pemilik bisnis dan bisnis, tetapi pengangguran melihat sangat sedikit manfaat. The Post juga menyimpulkan bahwa sementara membantu orang-orang tetap bertahan adalah tujuan yang layak, Washington juga perlu menghabiskan lebih banyak untuk berjuang dan mengandung pandemi. Sebaliknya, paket bantuan habis dengan virus corona masih merajalela.

Baca Juga : Profil Pajak di Jantung Amerika Selatan

Pro dan Kontra Kebijakan Fiskal

Economics Online mengatakan keuntungan dari kebijakan fiskal termasuk dapat membuat bisnis tetap bertahan ketika pengeluaran rumah tangga untuk barang-barang konsumen menurun. Pengeluaran untuk proyek militer atau infrastruktur dapat menghasilkan manfaat positif selain pertumbuhan ekonomi. Program stimulus yang sukses dapat mengurangi pengangguran dan kemiskinan.

St. Andrews School mengatakan salah satu manfaat dari penyesuaian suku bunga kebijakan fiskal adalah bahwa mereka lolos dari beberapa kontra pengeluaran stimulus. Mengubah suku bunga dapat terjadi dalam semalam, tanpa memerlukan perjuangan politik yang sama dengan menaikkan pajak. Namun, itu bisa memakan waktu berbulan-bulan sebelum perubahan suku bunga secara signifikan mempengaruhi pengeluaran konsumen atau pekerjaan.

Seiring dengan manfaat kebijakan fiskal, pemerintah juga harus mempertimbangkan kontra kebijakan fiskal. Yang besar adalah waktu: jika kebijakan tidak otomatis, mungkin perlu berbulan-bulan untuk menerapkan dan bertahun-tahun untuk memiliki efek yang signifikan. Belanja stimulus dapat memicu inflasi, di mana upah naik tetapi harga naik dan menyerap uang tambahan.

Layanan Penelitian Kongres mengatakan jika pemerintah terus merangsang ekonomi untuk periode yang gigih, efek samping negatif bisa menjadi jahat. Salah satunya adalah bahwa utang akan meningkat secara tidak berkelanjutan. Bahkan jika hanya terlihat seperti itu, investor mungkin mulai menuntut suku bunga curam untuk menyediakan uang tunai. Belanja stimulus jangka panjang juga dapat memadati investasi swasta keluar dari pasar. Menyerdik utang dapat mengkonsumsi sebagian besar dari pengeluaran pemerintah nantinya, menggagalkan kemampuannya untuk mengatasi masalah lain.

Meningkatkatnya Kapasitas Kafe di Kota New York Pengaruhi Biaya Pajak
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Meningkatkatnya Kapasitas Kafe di Kota New York Pengaruhi Biaya Pajak

Meningkatkatnya Kapasitas Kafe di Kota New York Pengaruhi Biaya Pajak – Kapasitas makan dalam ruangan Kota New York meningkat menjadi 75% pada bulan Mei karena pembatasan Covid mereda yang mempengaruhi biaya pajak.

Meningkatkatnya Kapasitas Kafe di Kota New York Pengaruhi Biaya Pajak

occupydc – Andrew Cuomo mengumumkan pada hari Jumat bahwa kapasitas makan dalam ruangan di New York City akan ditingkatkan menjadi 75% pada 7 Mei, akhirnya mencocokkan peraturan kapasitas makan dalam ruangan di seluruh negara bagian.

Baca Juga :Lonjakan Inflasi Pada AS Menarik Perhatian Para Analisis Ekonomi

“Setelah pertarungan yang panjang dan sangat sulit, Negara Bagian New York memenangkan perang melawan Covid-19, dan itu berarti sudah waktunya untuk melonggarkan beberapa pembatasan yang diberlakukan untuk melindungi kesehatan masyarakat dan membantu bisnis lokal kami,” kata gubernur.

Pengumuman ini datang sehari setelah WaliKota New York City Bill de Blasio mengumumkan bahwa kota itu akan sepenuhnya dibuka kembali pada 1 Juli setelah lebih dari satu tahun pembatasan. Cuomo mengatakan dia berpikir kota bisa dibuka kembali lebih cepat.

Restoran tidak akan menjadi satu-satunya bisnis yang mendapatkan peningkatan kapasitas. Pusat kebugaran dan layanan perawatan pribadi akan membuka pintu mereka untuk aliran pelanggan yang lebih tinggi juga.

Gym dan pusat kebugaran New York City akan berkembang hingga kapasitas 50% mulai 15 Mei, sementara salon rambut, salon kuku, barbershop, dan layanan perawatan pribadi lainnya akan berkembang hingga kapasitas 75% mulai 7 Mei.

Gubernur mengumumkan pada hari Rabu bahwa pembatasan tempat duduk bar akan dicabut pada 3 Mei. Jam malam makan di luar ruangan 12 .m. diatur untuk berakhir pada 17 Mei, dan jam malam makan dalam ruangan akan berakhir 31 Mei.

Kasino dan fasilitas permainan akan meningkat dari kapasitas 25% menjadi 50%, dan kantor akan meningkat dari kapasitas 50% menjadi 75%.

“Kita perlu membuka kembali dan membangun kembali ekonomi kita ketika data dan sains meningkat mendukung kita, dan pengumuman-pengumuman baru ini akan membantu warga New York bangkit kembali setelah tahun yang sangat sulit,” kata Presiden Kamar Dagang Bronx Lisa Sorin dalam siaran pers.

Pembatasan parah pada bar dan restoran yang dimulai pada Maret tahun lalu membuat kota itu menderita pengangguran yang meluas, dengan lebih dari 1.200 restoran menutup pintu mereka secara permanen per Juli 2020, menurut comptroller New York City.

Pengumuman datang ketika kota mencatat rata-rata tujuh hari dari 1.480 kasus baru. Hampir 6,5 juta dosis vaksin Covid-19 telah diberikan di kota, dengan 30% penduduk kota sepenuhnya divaksinasi, menurut departemen kesehatan kota.

Karena penjualan restoran anjlok hampir 80% dalam sebulan karena COVID-19, restoran memicu operasi untuk fokus pada bawa pulang dan pemesanan online. Tetapi bagi banyak orang, yang dimengerti belum cukup, dan pemilik bisnis yang frustrasi berharap bantuan dalam bentuk apa pun, termasuk kredit pajak restoran.

Pada 27 Maret 2020, pemerintah federal AS mengesahkan RUU stimulus yang disebut “Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act”, atau UU CARES, dengan maksud mengatasi dampak ekonomi DARI COVID-19. UU CARES mencakup langkah-langkah untuk individu dan bisnis yang terpengaruh oleh mandat jarak sosial dan tempat tinggal yang telah diberlakukan di tingkat negara bagian dan nasional. Ini juga termasuk kredit pajak tertentu yang, jika memenuhi syarat, dapat membantu restoran Anda dalam menavigasi dampak ekonomi yang sulit akibat pandemi ini.

Artikel ini membahas gambaran umum singkat tentang apa yang disertakan, apa yang tidak, dan cara mengajukan Kredit Retensi Karyawan.

Apa Itu Kredit Pajak Retensi Karyawan? 

Kredit Retensi Karyawan, adalah ketentuan bermanfaat dari Undang-Undang CARES, yang terletak di dalam ruu stimulus COVID-19. Secara khusus, Kredit Retensi Karyawan dirancang untuk membantu dan mendorong pengusaha untuk menjaga karyawan pada penggajian perusahaan mereka, dan mengurangi kerugian keuangan dan beban yang dikenakan pada pengusaha dari efek COVID-19.

IRS menjelaskan bahwa Kredit Retensi Karyawan adalah kredit pajak yang dapat dikembalikan sepenuhnya untuk bisnis tertentu di mana pemberi kerja yang memenuhi syarat dapat mengklaim jumlah kredit yang sama dengan hingga 50 persen dari upah yang memenuhi syarat (termasuk biaya rencana kesehatan yang memenuhi syarat yang dapat diterima) yang dibayarkan kepada karyawan mereka.

Apa saja ketentuan kredit pajak?

Singkatnya, pengusaha bisa mendapatkan kredit pajak 50% untuk $ 10.000 pertama dari upah yang memenuhi syarat, per karyawan. Jumlah maksimum upah yang memenuhi syarat tidak boleh melebihi $10.000 per karyawan, dan kredit maksimum per karyawan tidak boleh melebihi $5.000.

Ketentuan lain dari kredit: 

Upah dan kompensasi yang memenuhi syarat terdiri dari gaji, upah per jam, tips, dan lain-lain, yang umumnya dibayarkan kepada karyawan mereka untuk pekerjaan yang dilakukan.

Upah harus dibayarkan setelah 12 Maret 2020, dan sebelum 1 Januari 2021. 

Nilai setiap manfaat rencana kesehatan juga dapat dimasukkan dalam menentukan jumlah upah yang memenuhi syarat.

Jika restoran Anda mempekerjakan kurang dari 100 karyawan pada tahun 2019, restoran Anda dapat menerima kredit untuk karyawan mana pun – terlepas dari apakah karyawan telah – atau belum – dapat bekerja untuk restoran Anda selama krisis COVID-19.

Jika restoran Anda telah mempekerjakan lebih dari 100 karyawan pada tahun 2019, restoran Anda dapat menerima kredit hanya untuk karyawan yang tidak dapat memberikan layanan untuk bisnis karena krisis COVID-19.

Siapa yang memenuhi syarat untuk kredit?

Kriteria kelayakan di sekitar Kredit Retensi Karyawan luas: kredit dapat diterapkan ke hampir semua jenis bisnis, termasuk restoran dari semua ukuran. Kelayakan hanya dipertanyakan untuk entitas pemerintah negara bagian dan lokal, dan setiap bisnis yang menerima pinjaman SBA.

Secara khusus, bisnis harus: 

Telah berbisnis selama tahun 2020, dan telah terdampak negatif oleh COVID-19 melalui perintah penutupan kota penuh atau parsial; Atau

Dalam perbandingan kuartal kalender sepanjang tahun (2019/2020) — dimulai dengan kuartal pertama 2020 — telah mengalami kurang dari 50% pengurangan penerimaan kotor dibandingkan dengan penerimaan kotor dari kuartal pertama 2019, hingga akhir perbandingan kuartal kalender berikutnya yang berlaku di mana penerimaan kotor pemberi kerja lebih besar dari 80% dibandingkan dengan kuartal kalender yang sama pada tahun sebelumnya.

Bagaimana Anda menerima kredit pajak? 

Untuk menerima kredit, restoran harus melaporkan total upah yang memenuhi syarat dan kredit yang memenuhi syarat pada pengembalian pajak ketenagakerjaan federal mereka, yaitu Formulir 941, Pengembalian Pajak Federal Triwulanan Majikan.

Baca Juga : New York Minus 1 kursi DPR, Anggaran kota Over, dan Cuomo menolak atas semua tuduhan pelecehan

Sebelum menerima kredit, restoran dapat segera mendanai kredit yang memenuhi syarat yang berlaku untuk upah yang memenuhi syarat dengan mengurangi setoran pajak ketenagakerjaan federal.

Selain itu, restoran juga dapat meminta uang muka kredit dari IRS dengan mengirimkan Formulir 7200.

Berikut cara mengklaim Kredit Pajak Virus Corona.

Restoran akan melaporkan total upah yang memenuhi syarat dan kredit terkait untuk setiap kuartal kalender pada pengembalian pajak ketenagakerjaan federal mereka, biasanya Formulir 941: Pengembalian Pajak Federal Triwulanan Majikan. (Formulir 941 umumnya digunakan untuk melaporkan pendapatan dan pajak FICA (Pajak penggajian Jaminan Sosial dan Medicare) yang ditahan oleh pemberi kerja dari upah karyawan, selain porsi pajak FICA perusahaan.

Undang-Undang PERAWATAN Tambahan / Sumber Daya Kredit Pajak Coronavirus

Anda dapat menemukan UU CARES di sini, tetapi di bawah ini adalah beberapa sumber daya yang bermanfaat dalam memahami bagaimana bisnis Anda mungkin terpengaruh oleh paket stimulus.

Rally for Restaurant memiliki ringkasan singkat tentang UNDANG-UNDANG CARES, termasuk rincian Program Perlindungan Gaji, perubahan pada Pinjaman Bencana Cedera Ekonomi, Kalkulator Pinjaman Perlindungan Gaji, dan beberapa templat penghitungan pengeluaran lainnya yang bermanfaat dan dapat disesuaikan.

Anda dapat mempelajari lebih lanjut tentang cara mengajukan PPL dan EIDL di situs web SBA. Untuk menemukan pemberi pinjaman yang memenuhi syarat untuk PPL, lihat di sini. Jika Anda sudah memiliki pinjaman SBA, Anda dapat menghubungi pemberi pinjaman Anda untuk bertanya tentang PPL dan melihat apakah Anda memenuhi syarat.

Untuk pilihan lainnya untuk dukungan keuangan non-pemerintah, lihat daftar sumber daya nasional dan daerah dan dana bantuan ini.

Lonjakan Inflasi Pada AS Menarik Perhatian Para Analisis Ekonomi
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Lonjakan Inflasi Pada AS Menarik Perhatian Para Analisis Ekonomi

occupydc

Lonjakan Inflasi Pada AS Menarik Perhatian Para Analisis Ekonomi – Pasar saham akan keluar dari stagnasi saat ini dan melanjutkan reli, kata analis

Lonjakan Inflasi Pada AS Menarik Perhatian Para Analisis Ekonomi

occupydc – Pasar saham global telah stagnan dalam beberapa pekan terakhir meskipun ada deluge dari pendapatan yang kuat dan data ekonomi, tetapi para analis berpikir reli akan mendapatkan kembali momentum.

Putaran penghasilan perusahaan saat ini terbukti menjadi salah satu yang paling sukses dalam sejarah dengan lebih dari sepertiga perusahaan blue chip telah melaporkan sejauh ini, analis Barclays mencatat pada hari Kamis. Pendapatan per pertumbuhan saham telah sangat melampaui ekspektasi di AS dan Eropa dan proporsi penghasilan mengalahkan mendekati tinggi historis.

Baca Juga : What’s The Relation Between Climate Change and The Economy?

Namun, para analis telah menyarankan bahwa ekspektasi tinggi sebagian besar telah dihargai, yang berarti reaksi harga saham sejauh ini sedikit condong ke sisi negatifnya. Lonjakan inflasi juga disebut-sebut mendasari beberapa ketangkasan investor terhadap aset risiko, dengan kekhawatiran berlanjut bahwa bank sentral akan mulai meningkatkan kembali stimulus moneter mereka yang belum pernah terjadi sebelumnya.

Lonjakan Inflasi Bukan Akhir

Pembacaan inflasi terbaru dari AS dan Eropa telah meningkat tajam, dan para ahli strategi UBS mengantisipasi bahwa ini akan berlanjut selama beberapa bulan mendatang dengan tanda-tanda tekanan harga bertahan.

Namun, dalam sebuah catatan kepada investor Kamis, mereka mengaitkan ini dengan efek dasar dan kendala pasokan jangka pendek, daripada masalah struktural. Chief Investment Officer UBS Global Wealth Management Mark Haefele mengatakan hal ini menunjukkan bahwa lonjakan inflasi kemungkinan akan bersifat sementara dan harus dilihat sebagai sumber volatilitas potensial, bukan ancaman jangka panjang terhadap reli pasar ekuitas secara keseluruhan.

“Dengan ekonomi yang masih berjalan di bawah potensi output, saat ini kami tidak memperkirakan kenaikan inflasi yang berkelanjutan yang akan memaksa bank sentral untuk memperketat kondisi moneter,” kata Haefele. Ketua Federal Reserve AS Jerome Powell menyinggung hal ini menyusul pertemuan kebijakan moneter bank sentral pada hari Rabu. The Fed memperkirakan saat ini memacu inflasi menjadi sementara dan masih melihat kelonggaran yang cukup besar di pasar tenaga kerja, yang berarti kebijakan tidak mungkin diperketat dalam waktu dekat.

Haefele menyarankan bahwa The Fed sebenarnya ingin inflasi melampaui target 2% untuk mengimbangi undershoot yang telah lama ada dalam beberapa tahun terakhir. Dia juga menyoroti bahwa margin keuntungan tampaknya tidak berisiko karena kenaikan biaya sementara. “Sementara harga input telah naik untuk banyak perusahaan, kami tidak berharap ini menjadi angin kencang yang signifikan untuk penghasilan,” kata Haefele. “Dalam lingkungan permintaan konsumen yang kuat, kami mengharapkan pertumbuhan pendapatan dapat membantu mengimbangi hambatan dari biaya input,”

Sementara lonjakan inflasi sementara dapat menyebabkan beberapa kegelisahan investor yang menyebabkan peningkatan volatilitas, UBS mengantisipasi bahwa pasar ekuitas dapat terus menanjak, mendukung saham-saham siklonik – mereka yang kinerjanya cenderung sejalan dengan kondisi makroekonomi – karena pemulihan global meluas.

Rentan Terhadap Guncangan

Barclays menyoroti bahwa pembelian reksa dana telah melambat dari laju rekornya pada kuartal pertama, sementara volume perdagangan dan partisipasi ritel di pasar saham telah membuntuti secara signifikan, dengan uang tunai yang dihabiskan dalam ekonomi saat terbuka.

Pemberi pinjaman Inggris sebelumnya telah menandai bahwa teknis yang tidak menguntungkan dan tren perdagangan musiman dapat berarti pasar berisiko mundur, jika katalis negatif yang substansial muncul. Meskipun pasar lebih rentan terhadap berita buruk, Barclays Head of European Equity Strategy Emmannuel Cau percaya investor akan terus membeli dips mengingat penghasilan yang kuat, likuiditas yang melimpah dan tingkat kepemilikan yang tinggi dalam obligasi dan uang tunai saat ini.

S&P 500 dibuka pada rekor tertinggi pada hari Kamis di belakang penghasilan blowout, setelah berjuang untuk arah selama dua minggu terakhir setelah reli lebih dari 12 bulan sejak terendah baru-baru ini dari kecelakaan virus corona Maret 2020. Namun, ia berpendapat bahwa dengan mengulur-ulur perdagangan reflasi, saham bernilai – perusahaan yang sahamnya murah relatif terhadap fundamental mereka – menawarkan imbalan risiko yang lebih baik daripada siklonik.

“Sementara Siklonik didukung oleh penghasilan yang kuat, kami pikir valuasi dan posisi sekarang kurang menguntungkan, yang menyerukan alokasi yang lebih seimbang vs Defensif yang kurang menarik tetapi lebih murah,” kata Cau dalam sebuah catatan kepada investor, Rabu. “Kami terus melihat Value menawarkan lindung nilai yang menarik terhadap inflasi yang lebih tinggi dan kenaikan imbal hasil, sementara itu juga dapat menangkap tawaran dari strategi momentum.”

David Marchant, CIO dari Canada Life Asset Management, mengatakan kepada CNBC pada hari Kamis bahwa pasar mungkin meremehkan skala pemulihan ekonomi dan dampak potensialnya terhadap pendapatan perusahaan, mengingat bahwa perusahaan telah memangkas biaya selama pandemi tetapi sekarang akan mulai melihat penjualan mulai naik. Namun, ia menggaungkan seruan Barclays agar investor melakukan lindung nilai terhadap risiko downside. “Sementara saya masih berpikir mengingat di mana kita berada, mengingat dukungan berkelanjutan untuk pasar dari kebijakan moneter, ekuitas mungkin akan tetap terjaga dan mungkin terus melayang lebih tinggi, tetapi saya hanya berpikir Anda perlu menjalankan tingkat kehati-hatian, menjadi sedikit lebih selektif tentang di mana Anda meletakkan uang Anda,” katanya.

Bagaimana Cara Kerja Pasar Saham?

Anda mungkin pernah mendengar bahwa berinvestasi dalam saham bisa menjadi cara yang bagus untuk menciptakan kekayaan dari waktu ke waktu, dan itu tentu saja benar. Tapi apakah Anda benar-benar tahu bagaimana pasar saham bekerja? Atau apa yang membuat pasar saham berbeda dari bursa saham atau indeks saham? Apakah Anda tahu apa itu saham? Jika Anda penasaran, berikut adalah rundown dari dasar-dasar pasar saham, bursa saham, dan indeks saham.

Apa itu saham?

Saham, juga dikenal sebagai ekuitas atau perusahaan publik, mewakili kepentingan kepemilikan dalam bisnis yang memilih untuk memiliki saham mereka tersedia untuk investor publik. Saham mewakili minat kepemilikan pada perusahaan – jika Anda membeli saham Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL), Anda memiliki sebagian kecil bisnis dan dapat berbagi dalam kesuksesan perusahaan. Dengan kata lain, alih-alih dimiliki oleh individu atau kelompok swasta, beberapa perusahaan memilih untuk “go public,” yang berarti bahwa siapa pun dapat menjadi pemilik bagian dengan membeli saham perusahaan.

Dasar-dasar Pasar saham

Jadi bagaimana cara kerja pasar saham? Pasar saham memfasilitasi penjualan dan pembelian saham-saham ini antara investor individu, investor institusi, dan perusahaan.

Sebagian besar perdagangan saham terjadi antara investor. Itu berarti, misalnya, bahwa jika Anda ingin membeli saham Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT) dan menekan tombol “beli” melalui situs web broker Anda, Anda membeli saham yang telah diputuskan investor lain untuk dijual – bukan dari Microsoft itu sendiri. Dengan membeli saham saham, Anda menjadi investor di perusahaan yang mendasarinya.

Bagaimana harga ditentukan di pasar saham?

Harga saham di bursa diatur oleh penawaran dan permintaan, polos dan sederhana. Pada waktu tertentu, ada harga maksimum seseorang bersedia membayar untuk saham tertentu dan harga minimum orang lain bersedia untuk menjual saham untuk. Pikirkan perdagangan pasar saham seperti lelang, dengan beberapa investor menawar saham yang bersedia dijual investor lain.

Jika ada banyak permintaan saham, investor akan membeli saham lebih cepat daripada penjual ingin menyingkirkannya, dan harganya akan bergerak lebih tinggi. Di sisi lain, jika lebih banyak investor yang menjual saham daripada membeli, harga pasar akan turun.

Melangkah lebih jauh, penting untuk mempertimbangkan bagaimana mungkin untuk selalu membeli atau menjual saham yang Anda miliki. Dan di situlah pembuat pasar masuk

Pembuat pasar memastikan selalu ada pembeli dan penjual. Untuk memastikan selalu ada pasar untuk saham di bursa dan investor dapat memilih untuk membeli dan menjual saham segera kapan pun mereka mau selama jam pasar, individu yang dikenal sebagai pembuat pasar bertindak sebagai perantara antara pembeli dan penjual. Berikut adalah rundown dari apa yang harus diketahui investor tentang prosesnya:

Pembuat pasar membeli dan memegang saham dan terus mencantumkan penawaran jual beli untuk saham.
Penawaran tertinggi untuk membeli saham yang terdaftar dari pembuat pasar pada waktu tertentu dikenal sebagai tawaran, dan harga jual terendah yang ditawarkan dikenal sebagai permintaan.
Perbedaan keduanya disebut penyebaran.

Alasan utama untuk menggunakan sistem pembuat pasar dibandingkan dengan hanya membiarkan investor membeli dan menjual saham langsung satu sama lain adalah memastikan selalu ada pembeli untuk mencocokkan dengan setiap penjual dan sebaliknya. Jika Anda ingin menjual saham, Anda tidak perlu menunggu sampai pembeli menginginkan jumlah saham Anda yang tepat – pembuat pasar akan membelinya segera.

Apa yang terjadi ketika Anda membeli saham?

Investor harus melakukan transaksi pembelian atau penjualan saham melalui broker, yang hanyalah entitas yang berlisensi untuk memperdagangkan saham di bursa saham. Broker mungkin orang aktual yang Anda ceritakan apa yang harus dibeli dan dijual, atau, lebih umum, ini bisa menjadi broker online – katakanlah, TD Ameritrade atau Fidelity – yang memproses seluruh transaksi secara elektronik.

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Saat Anda membeli saham, berikut adalah versi yang disederhanakan tentang cara kerjanya:

Anda memberi tahu broker Anda (atau input secara elektronik) saham apa yang ingin Anda beli dan berapa banyak saham yang Anda inginkan. Broker Anda menyampaikan pesanan Anda ke bursa, dan pembuat pasar menjual saham Anda dengan harga pasar saat ini. Saham kemudian dikirimkan ke akun Anda.

What’s The Relation Between Climate Change and The Economy?
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What’s The Relation Between Climate Change and The Economy?

What’s The Relation Between Climate Change and The Economy? –
The recent protest #ShutDownDC had brought light to climate change problems on Wall St., DC. However, why do the protestant picked the spot? Is there any apparent relation between climate changes and the world-wide economy? Actually, there is – and it is much direr than one might think.
• Economy: The Wheel That Turns The Modern World
It’s no secret that the economy is the major cause of our fast-growing society. As means of transportation gets faster and more efficient, the cycle of economy starts growing faster and faster.

The number of online poker player at grows, and all businesses have the chance to grow too. Sadly, not many realize that this amazingly fast growth doesn’t only affect money and production – it also affects many other issues including wage, labor, the environment, and climate change.

• How Did Economy Affect Climate Change?
Wait, but how did the economy affect climate change? Let’s look at the shorter branch first – environment. Apparently, the faster the economy grows, the faster products are made. So, in order to keep up with the market, factories will be in dire need of materials.

If the materials are taken from nature (or at least need natural elements such as cotton, millets, etc.) then we are waning the quality of the soil at a fast rate. Then, the process (whether the materials came from nature or not) will require excessive non-environmentally friendly chemicals that are thrown without being processed first.

If these damages are prolonged, it will affect the climate because both efforts are damaging natural environments that produce oxygen and many other chemicals that regulate our climate. Hence, climate changes are forced to move fast as well.
• Moves That Are Good For The Economy But Bad For The Earth
As we can see from the explanation above, there are two moves that are good for the economy but pushing climate changes as well:

  • Producing materials at a fast rate. This pushed the need for deforestation – which lessening natural habitats of animals, lessening oxygen production in the area, all while disrupting biodiversity.
  • Throwing out unrecyclable wastes without any processing. This harms the environment even further, causing the same effects as the first point.
    Other bad economy moves for the climate include consuming animal products, which increases our carbon footprint.

So, what’s the relation between the economy and climate change? Well, first of all, many aspects of the economy thrive because they invested in climate change-inducing stuff including oils and plastic. Another example, the single-use products in our modern life cannot be recycled and filling the landfill and ocean, pushing climate change even further. Who are capable to push these bad changes if not the economy?

Wake-Up Call: Anti-War Rally In DC
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Wake-Up Call: Anti-War Rally In DC

Wake-Up Call: Anti-War Rally In DC – The death of General Qassem Suleimani earlier this 2020 had made uproar about the start of WWIII globally. In response to that, activist especially those with the Iranian community had been protesting around the globe, including in the US itself.

• Anti-War Rally DC
Global Day of Protest has been initiated in response to the war between the US and Iran since November 2019. There are hundreds of protests in Iran and several concentrated rallies in the US.

A rally in front of the Washington D.C. was conducted as a part of Global Day of Protest. On the date, hundreds of people gathered in front of the White House, including Sean Blackmon from ANSWER (Act Now to Stop War and End Racism), Donna Farvard from NIAC, and Medea Benjamin from Code Pink.

The rally was meant to be peaceful and educative. Besides remarks on how the US-Iran war is not exclusively affecting the two countries, the activists educate the masses about the humanitarian cruelty that is caused because of the war. In Iran itself, there are reports regarding halted medicine supplies from Europe that caused deaths, such as the death of 15 children with Epidermolysis bullosa. Iranian-American who joined the rally also shared how their relatives in Iran died from other diseases due to the same issue. Meanwhile, in the US, there are at least 16 reported Iranian students who have their visas revoked because the US government regards their nationality suspicious. From the same matter, Iranians in Canada have to travel to Washington to prove their nationality and avoid the same issue.

• What Happens Next?
The Washington DC rally may end peacefully, but the predecessor protests don’t have such endings. Many activists (especially those in Iran) are behind the bars, if not killed. Thankfully, the DC rally was followed with a resolution from The US House of Representatives to NCRI (National Council of Resistance of Iran). To be precise, it was received by a NCRI-US representative Ms. Soona Samsami. The resolution basically stated that The House of Representatives stands with Iranian activists against the war, opposes human rights abuse happened in the protests, and urged UN Security and Human Rights Council to deal with the issue somehow.

Thankfully, after the rally, a resolution had been made to minimize any more casualties from future rallies. For the time being, Iran is holding an uneasy quiet after some de-escalation moves from the US’ while more activists took their stand in both countries.

Why Occupy Wall Street Exists
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Why Occupy Wall Street Exists

Why Occupy Wall Street Exists – Occupy Wall Street is a movement to protest about different things. The movement started small with only 200 people joined at that time. The movement grows bigger and more than 1500 cities around the world joined this movement. The movement began in 2011 and it still exists up to this day. But why this movement exists? Here are the reasons.

– The Beginning of the Movement
Let’s look back in 2011 when the root of this movement began. The founder of Adbusters, Kalle Lasn, and the editor, Micah White, initiated the movement. Both of them and the rest of the team created a poster and wrote the background of the protest. The editor made a Twitter account @OccupyWallStNYC and started to spread #OCCUPYWALLSTREET and it becomes as viral as those online games in. The movement attracted around 200 people who gather together at Tompkins Square Park in New York City on September 17, 2011.

However, in 2012, the group attempted to celebrate the 6-month anniversary by taking over Zuccotti Park once again. But, the police took over the movement and arrested 70 of the members. The arrest was one of the most brutal actions done by the police and it was marked as the collapse of the protest. In the upcoming years, surprisingly, more and more movement was initiated around the world.

– Demands
This movement becomes big, and some are questioning the demands of the protesters. The main demands are social and economic equality for all people. They demand that everyone has the same chance to voice their ideas in public, have the right to own property, and have the same access to social services and social goods. In terms of economy, they also demand the fair income distribution and distribution of wealth.

They demand these two points because the gap between the rich and the poor in the US is wider. They claim that they are the 99%, the poor, while the rich are only 1%. Their claim was confirmed by CBO or Congressional Budget Office in 2011. Others also studied the protesters’ demands, and it was found that the inequality in the US had increased over the past 40 years and they understood why such movement rose.
Occupy Wall Street demands one thing for sure, which is to create equality between the rich and the poor. They want the government to provide more job opportunities and reduce the economic gap. Through this movement, let’s hope that great changes come to the country.

Controversial Issues During Occupy Wall Street Movement
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Controversial Issues During Occupy Wall Street Movement

Controversial Issues During Occupy Wall Street Movement – Occupy Wall Street is a protest movement initiated by Kalle Lasn and Micah White in 2011. The movement has had its ups and downs, but it still exists up to this day. The protesters demand equal social and economical in the US and nowadays, more than 1500 countries have continued this movement. Although they want better things for the US, they also created some controversial issues during the protests. Here are the notable issues from this movement.
– Wrong Representation
The infamous slogan of this movement is “We are the 99%,” which means that the protesters belong to the 99% of the lower class and minorities. They stated that they represented them to voice their demands. However, some believe that it is a wrong claim because most of the protesters are white, and not many are from immigrant representation, African Americans, and others.

They claim that this movement lack of diversity so that it fails to claim the 99%, the minorities. But, others also claim that this movement has “a very progressive representative” that will likely catch more attention to achieve the goals. Like the online gambling site, it caught the attention and made the statement pretty successfully.

– No Clear Goal
The next issue related to the goal of the movement. Some argue that this movement doesn’t really have a clear goal; that’s why they didn’t achieve any legislative changes. They believe that the movement is only conducted to express their anger or disappointment to Wall Street in general. To achieve the goals, the movement should have one or set of goals so that it can be more concentrated. But, some also believe that their demands are quite clean and they can be the advantages of such movement.

Controversial Issues During Occupy Wall Street Movement– No Significant Changes
The movement caught more attention in the past years, but some also mentioned that this movement doesn’t bring any institutional changes, both in Corporate America and banks. They mention that the regulation won’t be made for the short term, and it will be bad for the economy in the long run. Even if the demands of the protesters are granted, it will only create a worse financial crisis in the US. In short, a movement like this will only bring drawbacks in the future time; that’s why this movement doesn’t really reach their goal.

Although the movement received different reactions, but the protesters still continue it up to this day. Their demands are quite clear, which are to create social and economic equality for the people in the US.

The Problems of Inequality in the USA
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The Problems of Inequality in the USA

The Problems of Inequality in the USA – The United States of America or the USA is a country that consists of many states, ethnicities, ages, and groups. Since it has a very high diversity level, there will be a lot of problems that are correlated to the degree of inequality. The problems may come from poverty, education, household, health, and others. Each problem doesn’t stand individually. It is correlated with each other and form complex national problems.

The inequality of the USA can be seen in the Gini coefficient. The USA gets 45 of this Gini coefficient. Meanwhile, the UK only gets 34. It means that the inequality in the USA is bigger than in the UK. One of the biggest problems is the inequality in wealth and income levels. The USA uses liberal systems as its economic systems. The result of this system can make a big difference between rich people and poor people. The rich people have more access to expand their economic level and get more profit. On the other hand, poor people without enough capital can only get the minimum income. This condition can lead to the high inequality of the nation. In addition, it also can affect the difference in education level in the USA. The rich people will get easy access to continue their studies at a prestigious university. However, poor people may need to pass a lot of trouble in order to get a scholarship and continue their studies. Another problem is the difference between rural and urban areas. In 2010, there was a rapid movement of the people to move from rural areas to urban areas. It can be seen in the population of the urban area that is higher than in 2000. On the contrary, the population of the rural area in 2010 is lower than its population in 2000. This movement has some advantages and disadvantages. It will increase the economic growth in the urban area and real estate price. However, it also can cause some problems related to the house and transportations. The increasing population will lead to an increase in vehicle demand. As a result, there will be more traffic jams and population.

The Problems of InequalityThe inequality also can be correlated to ethnicity in the USA. The big group of ethnicities in the USA consists of native America, White People, Black People, Asians, and Hispanics. The unfair regulation can lead to the inequality of the ethnicities that will affect their life. Therefore, a wise and fair regulation is needed to create a fair social-economic condition of the nation.

The Problems of the Social Economy in the United States of America
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The Problems of the Social Economy in the United States of America

The Problems of the Social Economy in the United States of America – The United States of America is one of the biggest countries in the world. Since it’s a big country, it also has several problems related to the social-economic condition. The problems of the social condition are correlated with education, health, housing, and crime. On the other hand, the problems of the economy are correlated with poverty, income levels, and employment. However, talking about social conditions cannot be separated from economic conditions. Each of them is related to each other. Therefore, the understanding of social economic problems is needed.

One of the biggest problems that cause other social economic problems is the poverty level. The Gini coefficient of the USA is 45. It is indicated that there is a big difference between rich and poor people. This difference may be caused by their economic systems. The liberal system can provide more privilege to the rich people since they have more capital. However, poor people are restricted since they don’t have the capital for gaining profit. This makes a big gap between rich and poor people in the term of wealth. This condition will also make the gap in other life’s aspect such as education, health, and income. The situation is worsen by many gambling issue, which can be seen from visitors at one of the gambling sites https://agenbola108.cc is increasing and the unemployment level also can affect the social economic condition in the USA. Well, ethnicity is also correlated to the inequality of the unemployment rates. In 2016, the unemployment rates are 4.6% for White people, 6.1% for Hispanic, 9.0% for Black people, and 3.8% for Asian people. Meanwhile, the employment rates are about 60.1% for White people, 61.2% for Hispanics, 54.8% for Black people, and 60.5% for the Asian people. On the other hand, employment also can lead to the rate of the household. The data shows that median household income by ethnic groups is proportional to the data of unemployment rates. The Asian with the lowest unemployment rate achieve the highest median household income that is followed by White and Hispanic people. Meanwhile, the Black people with the highest unemployment rates get the lowest median household income.

The Problems of the Social Economy in the United States of America

The inequality of educational attainment also can be correlated with the diversity of ethnicity. The data statistic show that White American and Asian people surpass the graduation rate of the Hispanic, African American, and Native Americans. This condition is caused by several factors such as income level, the suitably qualified teachers, shortage of resources, and the chance for continuing study.

The Social Economy Condition of the United States of America
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The Social Economy Condition of the United States of America

The Social Economy Condition of the United States of America – United States of America (USA) is one of the greatest countries in the world. Like other countries, the USA also has its own social economy condition that will be different from other countries. The USA also has some problems regarding their social-economic condition. The first one is the economic system in the USA. This country applies the liberal system as its economic system. The liberal systems will allow rich people who have more capital than poor people to gain some privilege. It can help them to gain more and more capital in the process. On the other hand, poor people have some restrictions. They don’t have a lot of capital so that they can only be an employee that needs to obey all of the company’s rule. This condition will lead to the big difference between the rich and the poor people. This difference can be seen by using the Gini coefficient. This coefficient will show the inequality income of the poor and rich in a country. The range of coefficient will start from 0 – 100. The 0 shows complete equality. Meanwhile, the 100 shows complete inequality. According to the United Nations (UN), the Gini coefficient of the USA is 45 and it still can increase the future. It shows that the USA still faces the extreme inequality of its citizens.

The second one is the unemployment level. Even though the USA is one of the wealthiest countries, it still has some problems regarding employment. Well, the unemployment level can be related to the education background level and ethnicity. The people with a doctorate background or professional level can get the highest income rate in the nation. Meanwhile, people with a bachelor’s degree can get the median income level. The people who graduated from high school and attend the college but not graduated from there can get almost median income levels. Meanwhile, the people who don’t go to school or graduate from high school get the lowest income level.

The Social Economy Condition of the United States of America

The ethnicity of the USA can be also correlated with the inequality of unemployment level, education, and poverty. The data on unemployment level in 2016 shows the different values of each ethnic that are 4.6% for White people, 6.1% of Hispanics, 9.0% of Black people, and 3.8% of Asians. The different education levels also can be correlated to ethnicity. The high school graduation rates in 2013 show that 83% of White people, 71.4% of Hispanics, 66.1% of Black people, 93.5% of Asians, and 69.1% of Native Americans.

New Era, New Problems – Why People Protests About Climate Change on Wall Street DC
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New Era, New Problems – Why People Protests About Climate Change on Wall Street DC

The demo last September sure does a lot of uproar in Wall Street DC. But what is the concern they protested? Climate change, the activists said. But why climate change? And why the activists think it is fitting to protest for climate change on Wall Street, DC?
• Why Climate Change?
Believe it or not, climate change is not a newcomer when it comes to the world-wide issues. This issue has been a serious talk. In fact, researches and scientific predictions about climate change have been around since the 1990s.

However, as the world finally hit the harshest impact of it starting 2010s, campaigns and protests became more apparent these years. Sadly, most people now probably only know it after the Climate Strike pioneered by Greta Thunberg, and even then not everybody sees climate change as a dire problem. They see it more like a possibility than problem, just how people see it today.

• Why Wall Street?
So, why did protestants of #ShutDownDC decided to bring up climate change instead of other issues? Well, to some (aka people who don’t really follow the economy nor climate change), climate change may have little relations, if not no relation at all, to the economy. However, science begs to differ.

It is a fact that many companies and government bodies across the world are supporting things that will hasten climate change for the sake of the economy. Take the example of oil – it is widely used as a primary source of energy, be it electricity or vehicle fuels. Though many eco-friendly alternatives existed, they are not as readily available as oil because the oil and vehicles that use it are dominating the market. As the root of the problems lies more onto economic choices, Wall Street is the best platform to protest the issue.

Why People Protests About Climate Change on Wall Street DC• What Are The Demands?
There are a long list of demands made by climate activists on #ShutDownDC. However, the most apparent one is to hasten The Green New Deal. The Deal, which is a promise from the American government to start turning the country to be more eco in the future, is set to be done next decade. However, as the climate got worse by the day, the activists are worried that The Green New Deal will be obsolete before America can feel the effect.

So, why did #ShutDownDC happened? Well, as we all know, climate change is the direst problem we have on hand. And yet, the government and the gambling biggest companies didn’t take real steps to stop it and instead investing in things that will possibly worsen it. So, the activists took the stand and marched together on Wall Street. Though the effort, just like Occupy DC, was stopped by the police, the activists will not stop advocating what’s right.

The OWS Protest in September 2011 to Make Economy Condition Even
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The OWS Protest in September 2011 to Make Economy Condition Even

The OWS Protest in September 2011 to Make Economy Condition Even
The economic condition in the economic centre of the USA, Wall Street in Washington DC is problematic. That area is mastered by the high-class society who is rich. However, those rich people are only 1% of the whole citizens of the USA. So, there was the OWS protest in September 2011 to make economy condition even.
• What Do They do?
This OWS is an abbreviation for Occupy Wall Street. A lot of people came to the Wall Street area and try to occupy the areas by camping there. They wished to stop the USA economic activity since they occupy the centre of US capitalism.

They were camping in Zuccotti Park, two blocks in the north of Wall Street and one block away from World Trade Centre which was bombed on 11 September 2001, that was why the participants chose the date 17 September 2011, they wanted to commemorate that tragedy along with their aim.

They camped there for three weeks before finally dismissed themselves. They wore unique costumes to attract media and also held posters such as OWS: for a Better World. Some of them also do the silent protest by covering their mouth with money.

• The Slogan
They were known for the slogan “We are the 99%” which means that they belong to 99% people of America but their incomes were much much less than the minority, 1% of the society, the rich people.

They argued that it is not fair when the major change in the USA was affected by those 1% people. They also argued that those 1% people affected the way of US see cultures and humanity which worse than before.
the OWS protest in September 2011 to make the economy condition even was not really successful in turning the condition into what they hope. However, this protest puts a major effect on American citizens and many of them still continue this protest.

99 Percent Against 1 Percent: OWS Hope for Equality
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99 Percent Against 1 Percent: OWS Hope for Equality

Many other countries see that the USA is a powerful country that made so many decisions that in the end affect the whole world. However, the situation inside this powerful country itself is not as good as what is seen from the outside. So there is a movement to speak out this problem, OWS hope for equality.
• 99 Percent Against 1 Percent
This number may make people think that this movement will win. However, this slogan highlighted their suffering. The 99 percent of US citizens are included as poor people with minimum wage. Even some of them cannot get the right to get their minimum wage after working for a long shift. However, the one percent is the rich and powerful people who can make money out of nothing. They become richer and do not care about other people in need.

• Worse Social Condition
The slogan does not only highlight the economy condition but also the social condition. The 99 percent of US citizen is powerless against the one percent. They can do nothing when the one percent already gives out the rule.

Many people hoped that the one percent citizen will speak up for the 99% since they are more powerful. But it turns out that those one percent do nothing. So that is why Occupy Wall Street was held can is continuously held. It is the 99 percent’s hope to make a better condition for them. They took over the area of Wall Street so they can be heard well by the government and the world. Although they are not successful yet, they still have the spirit of equality.

Maybe they win of number, 99% against 1%, yet they should hold this protest continuously so that the OWS hope for equality can be reached. Just don’t give up and keep screaming “We are the 99 percent”!

OWS, the Leaderless Mass Protest in Wall Street, DC
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OWS, the Leaderless Mass Protest in Wall Street, DC

The protest about the gap between rich and poor people in the US was held back in September 2011. There were so many people camped in Wall Street area, almost 20,000 people camped and held protested that the government should take action for this. What was the OWS, the leaderless mass protest in Wall Street, DC exactly?
• The Protest of Economic Condition
The OWS stands for Occupy Wall Street. There is a reason why they did it in Wall Street. This place is well known as the centre of the US economy. If you remembered when the WTC tragedy happened in this area, it made US economy unstable for several days. So, because people in the OWS wanted to make a better economic condition, they took over Wall Street.

• Give a Loud Voice for Social Problem Because of the Wall Street
The problem was not only the economic problem. It turns out that the condition that the gap between the poor and the rich ones make a great social problem. People who joined the mass in OWS gave a loud voice about this.

OWS, the Leaderless Mass Protest in Wall Street, DC

Agen said that rich people could have access to the government and make the state the rules that only will be a benefit for rich people. This is not fair since the rich people are only for about one percent of US citizens. They gave the loud protest and asked the democracy back in the US. They wanted the government to listen to them as well as they listen to the rich and powerful people.

From the OWS, the leaderless mass protest in Wall Street, DC, we can learn that no need for violence in order to make other people listen to your problem. This mass action is counted as the successful protest since they don’t have any leader, yet they can give a big impact to US citizen.

OWS, an Action to Change the USA Economic and Social Condition
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OWS, an Action to Change the USA Economic and Social Condition

OWS was a protest which was held in Wall Street, Washington DC, in September 2011. They protested against capitalism in the US and did the camp action in the heart of US economy activities. Not only that, but this protest also has a mission that OWS, an action to change the USA economic and social condition.
• The Economic Mission
This Occupy Wall Street protest, of course, has an economic mission that they carry while camping and try to occupy the heart of the US economy. According to them, Wall Street is the symbol of rat which becomes fatter and fatter, make the gap between the rich people and the ordinary people much further than before. It creates ordinary people’s life much more complicated.

• The Social Mission
They felt that the majority of US citizen is people without enough income but their voice was not listened by the government. On the other hand, the minority, the rich people, have been listened well. This was a bad thing according to them.

They believe that this way affects the country’s way of seeing the social aspects of a case. It also seems that money can solve everything, that is why rich people can easily change the rules of this country.

• Take the “Arab Spring” as the Example
This kind of protest is not the first one happened in the world. Actually, OWS takes the example from Arab Spring which did similar things when they protest to their government. OWS also did the same thing because they wanted to restore US democracy without any violence.

Was it successful that OWS, an action to change the USA economic and social condition? Well, apparently they didn’t make a major change that time but they indeed affected a lot of people to join them and to care more on the society.

The Appearance of Social Mobilization: Occupy Wall Street
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The Appearance of Social Mobilization: Occupy Wall Street

As we all know, the social movement history happened in the 19th century has focused on three kinds of movements, that is, Marxism, utopian socialism, and anarchism. These three social movements have become very prominent in the US society and continued to today’s activism and organizations of the community. One of the organizations influenced by these three movements is known as Occupy Wall Street.

– The Influence of Social Mobilization
The crisis of economy which happened in 2008 has questioned the banks’ and Wall Street’s legitimacy as well as uncovered the destruction of financial capital. Nonetheless, far before the economic crisis, the problem in poverty, persistent unemployment, and also the income inequalities have raised since 1970s.

After quite long grueling experience on these problems, there has been a massive turn on the public opinion to fight against the government because of the releasing Wall Street and also the ignorance on the devastated economic crisis of people on the main street by having so many job losses and also foreclosures.

– The Appearance of the Community Movement
Right after this economic crisis in 2008, people started to begin protesting against the insurance companies and banks like AIG. Due to the weakening of the community movements and also the protest’s political culture in the Unites States, there were not many people paying attention to this protest. The recognition of the protest movement on the legitimacy crisis takes quite long time.

Occupy Movement has started its first protest in New York in September. This protest has soon begun to spread to all over United States. The protest started from a small group pf people or activists who occupied the Zuccotti Park and targeted the Wall Street firms’ roles in the neighborhoods. This was one of the clever tactics done by this movement to occupy the public squares.

The Appearance of Social Mobilization, Occupy Wall Street

The members of this have come from various fields such as community organizations, environmental groups, labor unions and also students. Many students who are just in touch with the political action happen to be the front lines in this movement. These students have been in cooperation with the knowledgeable activists of the economic justice. They have learned lots of things on how to seek for justice in the United States.

This is how the Occupy Wall Street movement has become very famous and has lots of active members who are to speak the equality in human rights and economy in Wall Street, in particular.

How was the OWS Emerged?
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How was the OWS Emerged?

When you see a march or demonstration, have you ever thought about the causes? Well, smoke will never exist without fire, this also the case of demonstration. Said as the biggest demonstration ever, OWS or Occupying Wall Street also have strong causes as the base. However, how was the OWS emerged?
• The Economy Condition Getting Worse
The main reason for this movement is that because the economic condition in the US and other countries getting worse than before. In that time, there were problems such as the price is really high, but the people were struggling to get the minimum wage. So many labourers didn’t get their rights and in the end, was fired in order to make the company survived.
On the other hand, many people from the high-class society became richer than before. They can still make money and seem didn’t care about the lower and middle-class people’s condition. This made the gap between rich and poor people greater and also made living in the US difficult.
• Bad Effect on Social Side
The economic condition in the US affected the social condition too. It seemed that democracy has vanished from the country. Why? Because rich people can play the law with their money and power. They can persuade the government to make some laws that only be beneficial for them and these laws usually became the disadvantage for poor people.
The government didn’t care about the condition of poor people and they didn’t want to listen to them. So many demonstrations were done in some states back then, but the government just seemed to ignore them.
• Mass Demonstration
Many of the US citizens then take a part of this OWS massive demonstration. In 2011, there were around 20.000 people joined this massive movement and they camped in a park near Wall Street and World Trade Center.

They were inspired by the massive demonstration that had been done in Arabian countries which were called “Arab Spring”. They had similar protests and want to do the demonstration peacefully, without any violence. This “Arab Spring” could be counted as a success, so people who join OWS also hoped that this movement can get similar success.

The reason behind how was the OWS emerged was really strong. Many people took a part in that action, not only because of their own need but also they want a better condition for other countries which affected by the condition in the US.

Why did People Join OWS?
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Why did People Join OWS?

OWS or Occupy Wall Street was a kind of demonstration, held in September, 17th 2011. This movement was claimed as one demonstration in the US with the biggest mass ever. For about 20.000 people joined this movement and camped in the park, near Wall Street and World Trade Center building. Why did people join OWS? What were they fighting for?
• To Express Their Opinion
OWS could persuade around 20.000 people to do this movement. Although they already set the goals and their slogan, people who joined this movement also want to express their own opinion. This was a chance for people to say whatever their opinion was, especially in the matter of bad economy and social condition in the US and worldwide.

They came with so many slogans and even unique costumes, to get the attention, from the government and also from the media. In the past years, OWS also became the place where the artist can show their expression through the art performances. Not only that, but this movement was also a chance to open others’ eyes about the current condition in the US.

• They Feel the Same
The goal, set up by the OWS is to fight economy and social inequality without any violence. They won’t make the condition worse than that point in 2011. Many people feel the same thing as the OWS’ participants, especially they who were in the US. Then, they decided to join this mass movement in the hope that change may happen.

• Just Follow Other People
This OWS movement was held almost more than 30 days. Many people that tried their best to survive in those days with just a minimalist camp in the centre of the US economy. However, among those people who really cried for the equality of economy and social condition, there were some people who just there because they followed other people.
This what is said as the mob, they just follow other people, just being impulsive without really know what was the goal of this movement. However, thanks to them, OWS could be the demonstration which is considered as the big one. Although this movement was not successful to make some changes in the US, OWS has already been an inspiration for other movements.

Why did people join then? Well, they have many different reasons for that. But the sure thing is that this movement has already given a great influence for many people to fight what they want and to unite so you can help each other and reach your goals.

Getting to Know OWS Further
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Getting to Know OWS Further

Wall Street is well known as the centre of US economy activities. However, Wall Street-DC is also seen as the symbol of inequality, not only in the matter of economy but also social. Then, there is OWS movement, Occupy Wall Street. What kind of movement is it? Let’s getting to know OWS further.
• First Held on 17 September 2011
This movement was started in 2011, on 17 September for the precise date. The date was chosen because they want to give an honour to the victims on World Trade Center bombing on September 11 2001. That also why the movement was taken place near the WTC, just around two blocks away.

• The Biggest Reason
This movement’s biggest reason is just because of the unequal economy condition in the US itself. After the bombing of WTC, the US tried the best way to restore the economy condition but it couldn’t be denied that this situation had already affected the world’s economic condition too.

As a powerful country, the US fall in the economy will also affect other countries. There was a crisis in many countries, where the gap between the middle-low class people and the rich one become bigger. The middle and low class cannot get their rights such as minimum wage, but the rich people become richer than before. This is the biggest concern of the OWS movement. They demand the US government to solve this problem.

• Another Main Reason
It’s not only because of the economic condition, but it is also because of social condition which is affected by that economy condition. It happened in the US back then, when the rich people can somehow “persuade” the government to make the laws that will be beneficial for them. This is a disadvantage for the middle and low class because their voice cannot be heard by the government and they don’t have any power against them.

This chaos motivated the OWS where there were thousands of people marching and camping in the area of Wall Street. They wanted to be heard by compiling their voices together. Now, this movement continues. Although, many people already think that the US economy and social condition are better than before, many of them still want to stand for the better condition for people in other countries.

After getting to know OWS further, it can be understood why people do that kind of movement in order to achieve what they want. It is not a bad thing either to do the movement since the goal is for humanity.

Ekonomi Politik Dan Informasi Amerika Serikat